Cultural richness Cuba: 9 world heritage sites
Colonial buildings, old coffee plantations, exuberant nature ...
When Christopher Columbus sighted Cuba in 1492, he was convinced that he was in Cipango, the name with which Marco Polo had baptized the present-day Japan in the 13th century.
This may be the first of many fun facts that surround the rich history of the island. The place where the zunzuncito, the smallest bird in the world, lives and the country where writer Ernest Hemingway popularized the famous Daiquiri cocktail with rum, lemon, sugar and ice frappe.
Beyond Havana and its innumerable charms, in this Antillean country you will discover places that have been included by UNESCO in the list of World Heritage Sites in Cuba due to their beauty and cultural richness. Get ready to meet them all!
Historic centre of Habana: Havana Vieja
Benny Moré was one of the most important Cuban musicians in history. In the fifties he liked to travel the old town of Havana on board his brand new golden Imperial Cadillac Hardtop. As he drove, his enthusiastic fellow countrymen pounced on him to worship him like an idol.
Like Moré, you can also see the colorful streets and old buildings of the historic city center aboard a classic convertible Chevrolet Bel Air. Or watch the sunset from the boardwalk or malecón, with the calmness that surrounds the fishermen on the rocks. The rumor of Cuban music floods the soul of the city in which Iberostar Grand Packard and Iberostar Parque Central shine, two 5-star hotels in the heart of Havana.
Historic center of Trinidad and the Valley of Ingenios
The old Cuban colonial haciendas that processed sugarcane are known as Ingenios. This business reached its maximum splendor in the town of Trinidad between the seventeenth and nineteenth centuries. Today, thanks to the good conservation of its buildings, you can visit Trinidad as if it were a large open-air museum. At the Iberostar Heritage Grand Trinidad, a 5-star adult only hotel in Trinidad, all this will be within your reach.
Castle of San Pedro de la Roca, Santiago de Cuba
This fortification, also known as the castle of El Morro, rose up as a defense point against pirate invasions in 1638. Corsairs threatened the most Caribbean of the island's cities, Santiago de Cuba, for centuries. A place of incomparable colonial architectural beauty, as you will be able to grasp when you see the Iberostar Heritage Casa Granda, Iberostar Heritage Imperial and Iberostar Heritage San Félix buildings, three dreamy 4-star hotels in Santiago de Cuba. Due to their history, essence and architectural characteristics, these three hotels are part of the Iberostar Heritage segment.
Valley of Viñales
In the Valley of Viñales, it is still possible to see farmers plowing the land with oxen, only surrounded by nature and silence. In this protected area, two hours by car from Havana, we would like to highlight the mogotes. These admirable rock formations reach 300 meters high. You can discover their grandeur by taking an unforgettable excursion on horseback or by bicycle.
Desembarco del Granma National Park
This rich ecological zone constitutes one of the largest marine terrace systems in the Caribbean. Its access, which is not simple for people, has allowed it to preserve the fauna and flora through time in this magical place.
Archaeological landscape of the first coffee plantations in southeastern Cuba
More than 170 coffee plantations, now in ruins, were part of the landscape of southeast Cuba in the nineteenth century. This unique natural and cultural environment, linked by an enigmatic network of roads, is found in the provinces of Guantánamo and Santiago de Cuba. An area where you can enjoy the essence and history of Iberostar Heritage hotels.
Alejandro de Humbold National Park
The German scientist Alexander von Humboldt is considered the second discoverer of Cuba. This precursor of universal modern geography explored in 1800 the flora, fauna and orography of the island. In his honor, this area’s forests and rivers took his name. There are five varieties of carnivorous plants and animal species in the park, such as the royal woodpecker, the caguarero sparrowhawk or the manatee.
Historical Urban Center of Cienfuegos
Cienfuegos is the only city in America founded by French settlers during the 19th century. Its port became one of the most important in terms of trade between the Antilles and South America. The historic center follows a balanced neoclassical octagonal layout, with imposing buildings such as the Arc de Triomphe, the Cathedral of Our Lady of the Immaculate Conception or the Tomás Terry Theater.
Historical Urban Center of Camagüey
The enormous jars in the streets and parks of Camagüey bottle a mysterious legend: it is said that he who drinks from this water will live forever in the city.
A walk through its labyrinthine historic center will definitely touch you. The beauty of its colonial buildings runs between exceptionally undulating alleys, something difficult to see in Latin American towns, which are almost always built on flat land.
With Iberostar’s hotels in Cuba, you will find all these World Heritage jewels at the tip of your fingers. Come and discover them!