Natural areas: Tenerife
Tenerife boasts outstandingly beautiful natural areas. From its towering volcano, Mount Teide, the third biggest volcano on Earth, travellers will admire an extensive carpet with colourful patches of lush flora and rock formations that give the island its unique character. The landscape contains calderas, exotic gardens, lava caves, reservoirs telling magical legends… Getting deep into the island is like discovering the soul of Tenerife.
Nature in Tenerife:
- Teide National Park: It spans a large area on the island of Tenerife around the biggest volcano in Spain, Mount Teide, which rises 3,000m above sea level to become the highest peak in the country. The amazing landscape boasts lava, craters, gorges… Some of the most remarkable rock formations are Alto del Guajara, La Fortaleza, Las Siete Cañadas and Llano de Ucanca. The park is home to 58 native plant species.
- Caldera del Rey: Caldera del Rey is one of the most impressive volcanic calderas in Tenerife. Sitting in the south of the island, in the municipality of Adeje, it resulted from a volcanic explosion and the subsequent deposition of the magma that reached the seashore. Caldera del Rey extends for more than 100ha and features troglodyte caves and homes of the families that dwell in the area.
- Orotava Gardens: They were developed with a clear purpose in mind: to check how different American species adapt to the local soil and climate. More than 3,000 endemic and exotic plants grow in the Orotava Gardens. Some are curious species, with very long aerial roots.
- Anaga Nature Park: Situated in the north of Tenerife, Anaga Nature Park offers a landscape with a long history, since it was in this area that the native people chose to settle and become shepherds. On 140km2, there are archaeological sites and as many as 26 villages with a total population of 2,500.
- Natural pools: They can be found throughout the island. You can bathe in them in a wonderful environment. Some of the most famous pools are in the northern coast of Tenerife, like Charco de la Laja, but they are in Costa Martiánez and Punta Hidalgo too.
- Cueva del Viento (Wind Cave): It is the biggest underground cave in the form of a lava tube in Europe. It is close to Teide Park, on Pico Viejo, which is considered to be the origin of the cave. A walk inside the 17km-long cave-like channel shows lava formations beneath the surface of the Earth.
- Los Derriscaderos: This is one of the natural monuments that best represent the effect of volcanic eruptions in the south of the island. It is a group of volcanic rocks in the slopes of Las Monjas gully, formed by airfall deposits containing lapilli, that is, pumice lava, magma and ashes that cover the area in funny colours.