Curious Facts: Cadis
Cádiz Province has an eventful past; curious facts and stories make it an interesting destination, with a marked southern character and singular traditions. Its capital is the oldest city in the Western world. The Spanish Constitution was signed in Cádiz, a city that is the birthplace of singer Lola Flores and musicians like Camarón de la Isla or Manuel de Falla.
History of Cádiz and curious facts:
- The oldest city in the Western world: Founded by the Phoenicians as Gadir (a word that meant ‘sacred ground’) in 1100 BC, Cádiz City is more than 3,000 years old.
- 44 municipalities and 6 regions: Cádiz Province comprises 44 municipalities and 6 regions: Bahía de Cádiz, Costa Noroeste, the Sierras, Campo de Gibraltar, Campiña de Jerez and Janda.
- Cádiz or ‘the little silver cup’: ‘Little silver cup’ is just one of the many names given to the capital of the province. They say it refers to the silvery colour of the sea beneath the bright sunlight on the coast, in a region that enjoys over 3,200 hours of sunlight a year.
- The origin of French tortilla: This simple dish, actually an omelette, was prepared in different places, but the name ‘French tortilla’ was coined in Cádiz during the siege by the French troops, when the city ran out of potatoes, an ingredient used to make the traditional Spanish omelette or ‘tortilla’.
- The oldest fresh food market in Spain: The Cádiz town market is the oldest in Spain selling fresh food of the land.
- La Cortadura Fort: The people of Cádiz succeeded in stopping the advancement of the French troops by demolishing the homes in the outskirts and building a stronghold named La Cortadura Fort.
- Birthplace of Camarón de la Isla, Lola Flores and Manuel de Falla. Three big names in the world of Spanish music, each in their own style, were born in Cádiz: flamenco singer Camarón de la Isla, in San Fernando; Lola Flores, in Jerez de la Frontera, and composer Manuel de Falla in Cádiz City.
- Cradle of motor racing: Jerez de la Frontera, in Cádiz Province, is home to one of the most important speedways in Spain, which every year plays host to the Spanish motor racing GP.